Sleep is an essential phenomenon for the maintenance, recuperation and restoration of both body and mind for all living beings.
Insomnia is the inability to get sleep throughout the night in a recurring manner. In Ayurveda it comes under Vata nanatamja roga and is called Anidra or Nidranash.
Ayurveda has mentioned Aahara (food), Nidra (sleep), and Bramhacharya (celibacy) as three Upastambha (sub pillars). These triad are very important to live a healthy life. Among these, Nidra (sleep) is an integral part.
According to Ayurveda, the state when mind and body go to rest, it is said that the living body is asleep. When the mind is afflicted by tamo guna during the night, the Kapha dosha increases and natural sleep is inflicted. Kapha dosha is responsible for growth and development of our body tissue and increase immunity to fight against diseases.
In the state of anger and depression, Vata dosha increases which leads to Insomnia (Anidra).
Improper sleep leads to:
Causes of Insomnia:
Ayurveda says people having Vata Pittaja Prakriti and Rajasika Prakriti are more prone to suffer Insomnia.
According to Ayurveda, anxiety vitiates Vata and Pitta. Pitta increases the heat which, in turn, reduces sleep. Lack of sleep further augments vitiation of Vata, which builds a cumulative effect on the body.
Home remedies and preventive measures:
It is believed in Ayurveda that the health issues can be taken care of by the right combination of food, lifestyle and herbs. There are some ways in Ayurveda to combat Insomnia:
Yogic Practices, Pranayama & Meditation
One should follow Yoga Asanas & Pranayama as a daily regime to combat with stress and anxiety.
Following Pranayama and postures are helpful in Insomnia
Bed time rituals: